Physics

Jefferson Strait

Jefferson Strait
Professor of Physics
413-597-2008
Bronfman Science Center Rm 066 Mail to: Thompson Physics

Lab: Bronfman B24B

At Williams since 1985

Education

A.B. Harvard University (1975)
M.S. Brown University, Physics (1981)
Ph.D. Brown University, Physics (1985)

Courses

Note: courses with gray backgrounds are not offered this academic year.

PHYS 108 / ENVI 108(S)

Energy Science and Technology

PHYS 201(F)

Electricity and Magnetism

Committees

Campus Environmental Advisory Committee (2014-2016)
Materials Science Studies (2013-2014)

Other appointments

  • AT&T Bell Laboratories: Postdoctoral Member of Technical
    Staff, 1984-85
  • Williams College, Department of Physics, Chair, 1995-1996 and
    1998-2000
  • Williams College, College Marshal, 2007-2014

Recent honors students and summer research students

  • Nell Winston ’94
  • Todd Stievater ’95
  • Kira Maginnis ’95
  • Matt DeCamp ’96
  • Ben Evans ’96
  • Aaron Kammerer ’98
  • Clay Stein ’00
  • John Spivack ’02
  • Davy Stevenson ’04
  • Paul Crittenden ’04
  • Matt Spencer ’05
  • Aubryn Murray ’05
  • Joseph Shoer ’06
  • Toby Schneider ’07
  • Krystle Barhaghi ’07
  • Margaret Pigman ’07
  • Huajie Charles Cao ’09
  • Joseph Skitka ’10
  • Patty Liao ’09
  • Mathew Obengo ’10
  • Jimi Oke ’10
  • Nathaniel Lim ’11
  • Takuto Sato ’12
  • Joseph Iafrate '14
  • Max LaBerge '14

Research

Modelocked Optical Fiber Lasers

My students and I have been investigating an optical fiber laser that uses a nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) to generate picosecond pulses of light. Unlike most lasers that use mirrors to confine light to the laser cavity, our laser uses optical fiber as its cavity.  A section of fiber doped with erbium serves as the gain medium.  When we pump the erbium with 0.98 micron light, it lases at 1.55 microns, conveniently the same wavelength at which optical fiber is most transparent and therefore most suitable for telecommunications.

Max Laberge '14 with our fiber laser.

                           Max Laberge '14 with the latest version of our fiber laser.

Our goals include understanding how pulses form in this laser and studying how picosecond pulses propagate in optical fibers.  Dispersion tends to elongate the pulses, while self-phase modulation, a nonlinear effect, tends to compress them.  Under the right circumstances, these two effects can balance each other and a special pulse shape (a "soliton") can propagate for long distances without spreading.  Solitons may prove useful for encoding data or switching data in high-speed telecommunication systems.

In practice, achieving the correct balance of dispersion and self-phase modulation is difficult, so we have experimented with fibers having different dispersion properties.  Also the laser is very sensitive to the polarization of light inside the fiber.  Although the optical fiber we use is designed to have no preferred polarization axes, it becomes birefringent when bent.  We have developed a mathematical model accounting for polarization that helps us predict the conditions favorable for producing picosecond pulses

We built our original fiber laser in 1995.  Eleven students have written honors theses related to the fiber laser, ten of whom have gone on to graduate programs in engineering or in physics.  Optical fiber technology has improved substantially, so we recently built a new fiber laser making use of the latest components and materials.  In particular we now have fibers designed for transoceanic communication that are engineered to have either positive or negative dispersion, giving us unprecedented control over the dispersion in the laser.  The new fiber laser will allow us to refine our understanding of how ultrashort pulses propagate in fiber.

Selected publications

  • S. Wu, J. Strait, R. L. Fork, and T. F. Morse, “High Power Passively Mode-locked Er-doped Fiber Laser with a Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1444 (1993).
  • J. Strait, J. D. Reed (Williams ’89), A. Saunders (Williams ’90), G. C. Valley, and M. B. Klein, “Net Gain in Photorefractive InP:Fe at l = 1.32 microns Without an Applied Field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 951 (1990).
  • J. Strait, J. D. Reed (Williams ’89), and N. V. Kukhtarev, “Orientational Dependence of Photorefractive Two-Beam Coupling in InP:Fe,” Opt. Lett. 15, 209 (1990).
  • J. Strait and A. M. Glass, “Time-Resolved Photorefractive Four-Wave Mixing in Semiconductor Materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 342 (1986).
  • J. Strait and A. M. Glass,”Photorefractive Four-Wave Mixing in GaAs Using Diode Lasers Operating at 1.3 microns,” Appl. Opt. 25, 338 (1986).
  • J. Strait and J. Tauc, “Light-Induced Defects in Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Observed by Picosecond Photoinduced Absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 589 (1985).

Pedagogical book

  • K. M. Jones and J. Strait, editors,Optics and Spectroscopy Undergraduate Laboratory Resource Book (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1993).